All teeth have between one and four root canals. Every tooth consists of Enamel, Dentin and the pulp. The outermost and hardest layer is enamel, and the second layer is dentin & the third is pulp, which is where the live tissue and nerve of each tooth is located.
Many tooth problems lead to infections that spread to the pulp. Root canal treatment is indicated often if the nerve/pulp of a tooth is damaged or infected because of decay,
trauma, or deep fillings. When the infection becomes worse, it can affect the roots. A traumatic injury to a tooth can also adversely affect the pulp which leads to pain and sensitivity.The spreading infection can cause pus to develop, which can lead to a tooth abscess.
Root canal therapy is a treatment with a very success rate, and involves removing the diseased tooth to stop the spread of infection & restoring the tooth. A root canal therapy is designed to save a problem tooth; before the procedure was developed and gained acceptance widely, only alternative for treating a diseased tooth was extraction.Root canal therapy usually entails one to three visits. During the first visit, a small hole is drilled through the top of the tooth and into the inner chamber. Diseased part of the tooth is removed, the inner chamber & canals are cleansed and disinfected, and reshaped which are then filled and sealed with an elastic material and medication designed to prevent infection.The drilled hole is temporarily filled until a permanent restoration is placed with a crown.
Patients who have root canal experience little or no discomfort or pain, and are able to save the tooth that can last a long time. Before we recommend root canal therapy, the dentists at our office collect a thorough history of any signs & symptoms for estabilishing an accurate diagnosis. The root canal treatment is performed in one or two appointments using advanced techniques and materials at our office to make the procedure easier, quicker and more comfortable. After root canal treatment is completed, a crown must always be placed on the tooth to safeguard the tooth against fracture.